In his presidential inaugural address of January 1965, Lyndon Johnson offered an uplifting vision for America, one that would end poverty and racial injustice. Elected in a landslide over the conservative Republican Barry Goldwater and bolstered by the so-called liberal consensus, economic prosperity, and a strong wave of nostalgia for his martyred predecessor, John Kennedy, Johnson announced the most ambitious government agenda in decades. Three years later, everything had changed. Johnson's approval ratings had plummeted; the liberal consensus was shattered; the war in Vietnam splintered the nation; and the politics of civil rights had created a fierce white backlash. A report from the National Committee for an Effective Congress warned of a "national nervous breakdown."
The election of 1968 was immediately caught up in a swirl of powerful forces, and the nine men who sought the nation's highest office that year attempted to ride them to victory-or merely survive them. On the Democratic side, Eugene McCarthy energized the anti-war movement; George Wallace spoke to the working-class white backlash; Robert Kennedy took on the mantle of his slain brother. Entangled in Vietnam, Johnson, stunningly, opted not to run again, scrambling the odds. On the Republican side, 1968 saw the vindication of Richard Nixon, who outhustled Nelson Rockefeller, Ronald Reagan and George Romney, by navigating between the conservative and moderate wings of the Republican Party. The assassinations of first Martin Luther King, Jr., and then Kennedy seemed to push the country to the brink of chaos, a chaos reflected in the Democratic Convention in Chicago, a televised horror show. Vice President Hubert Humphrey emerged as the nominee, and, finally liberating himself from Johnson's grip, nearly overcame the lead long enjoyed by Nixon who, by exploiting division and channeling the national yearning for order, would be the last man standing.
In American Maelstrom, Michael A. Cohen captures the full drama of this watershed election, establishing 1968 as the hinge between the decline of political liberalism, the ascendancy of conservative populism, and the rise of anti-government attitudes that continue to dominate the nation's political discourse. In this sweeping and immersive book, equal parts compelling analysis and thrilling narrative, Cohen takes us to the very source of our modern politics of division.
"The election of 1968 was one of the most pivotal in American history. With vivid detail and unfailing political wisdom, Michael Cohen explains how that tumultuous contest occurred and why its tremors have continued to shake the nation." --Michael Kazin, co-editor of Dissent and author of American Dreamers: How the Left Changed a Nation
"Written like a fast-paced, if far-fetched, political thriller, Michael Cohen's American Maelstrom combines scholarly rigor with narrative drive. Vivid portraits of the protagonists highlight this extraordinary saga that seems at once long ago but also as current as today's Web headlines." --Jeffrey Toobin, author of American Hieress, The Oath, and The Nine
"The furies unleashed in 1968 are still churning. Michael Cohen does a fine job keeping his head in the maelstrom of the last century, explaining how the meanest impulses of American life found their champions and carried us so far into barbarism." --Todd Gitlin, author of The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage, and The Opposition
"A big, important book about a big, important moment in American history. Taking readers on a fascinating journey through 1968, Cohen revels the forces that shaped the country's politics and culture. Some history, even the best written, can sit on the shelf waiting for that perfect moment to be read. American Maelstrom demands to be read now. I can't imagine a better-timed book." --Stuart Stevens, senior strategist for Mitt Romney's 2012 presidential campaign
"A fluid and penetrating account of that most extraordinary of postwar American election years. Like no one before him, Cohen offers a vivid, powerful collective portrait of the key personalities of 1968, and we see in sharp relief why they acted as they did-and why one result was the "politics of division" we live with today." --Fredrik Logevall, Professor of International Affairs and History, Harvard University